Case study on some aspects of One Health in Bac Giang province were born from assessing what has been achieved in implementation of “The Vietnam One Health Strategic Plan for zoonotic diseases, 2016-2020”, and from determining action priorities for the period from 2021 onwards.
From the successful controlling of the SARS infectious disease epidemic in 2003 to a strong cooperation between our health and agriculture sectors in fighting human and animal influenza in the following years, Vietnam has received international attention in promoting interdisciplinary cooperation in the prevention of emergency pandemic diseases. This was especially true for epidemics that were spread from animals to humans. In the context of the globalizing market economy, challenges in health care for people in each country are also global health issues. Cooperation with the WHO, FAO, UNDP, and other partners has helped Vietnam move toward a trend of choosing “One Health” as a way to promote interdisciplinary health-agriculture-environment cooperation in controlling zoonotic diseases.
As a result of cooperation from 2010 to present, which began with the release of the Inter-ministerial Circular No.16/2013/TTLT-BYT-BNN&PTNT regarding guidelines for coordinated prevention and control of zoonotic diseases and was followed by “The Vietnam One Health Strategic Plan for zoonotic diseases, 2016-2020”, Vietnam has taken a formal step in introducing the “One Health” approach as an operating mode of preventing zoonotic diseases with seven areas of focus.
“The Vietnam One Health Strategic Plan for zoonotic diseases, 2016-2020” has now come two-thirds of the way. Case studies in some areas of One Health in Bac Giang were born from assessing what has been achieved and from determining action priorities for the period following the current OHSP from 2021 onwards.
Research ideas and objectives were jointly proposed by international organizations and the One Health office in Vietnam in order to obtain objective and scientific evaluation based on actual research evidence in the scope of case studies (a provincial case study). This will serve to develop an expected plan to bring One Health strategy to the central level for stage 1 (2016-2020), and to implement it at a provincial level during the next stage (2021-2025).
Bac Giang was chosen because the province is well suited to serve many points in assessing an interdisciplinary coordination of health, agriculture and rural development, and environmental sectors in preventing infectious diseases from animals to humans and antimicrobial resistance.
Goal: to provide an overall picture of the status of One Health in Bac Giang province
- To describe the provincial profile of human and animal health system, basic context for One Health issues
- To describe the canine rabies prevention and control in Bac Giang and recommendations to ensure achievement of the targets in the National Rabies Strategies 2017-2021
- To describe the human rabies prevention and control in Bac Giang and recommendations to ensure achievement of the targets in the National Rabies Strategies 2017-2021
- To explore the One Health approach to Antimicrobial resistance in Bac Giang and recommendations to strengthen the system
- To identify the collaboration mechanism among sectors, especially the engagement of environmental sector in One Health in Bac Giang and recommendations for improvement
The research will consist of three component studies
- Literature Review aims at describing existing policies in One Health, Rabies, infectious disease prevention and control, health system reform; and clarifying barriers, challenges,
including collaboration mechanism and budgeting.
- Qualitative study aims to shed light on insight views of policy makers and operational staff on the status of One Health application in Bac Giang, collaboration mechanism, barriers and gaps. It also explores their responses to address those gaps.
- Household survey measures community-based evidence on general population’s and dog/cat owner’s KABP, dog/cat management and prevention of rabies and the collaboration mechanism and practice of related agencies.
- Sub-national stakeholder survey.
Please read the full research report here